Tag Archives: helmkruid

365 Frankendael day 44

Today is drizzly and cool; the same temperature as last Christmas Day. Umm, a far cry from the heat of a week ago.  So today’s photos look as though I took them at dusk but in fact they were taken at about 2pm.

I have had another one of my bird spotter moments. I identified a plant from the park which looked pretty when I found it, but not spectacular. It wasn’t one that I recognised, although I was drawn to it and wanted to know  it. I took a little part of the plant home from my walk yesterday and used my books and the Internet to identify it.  Today I went out and photographed it along with some other June beauties:

Above is the plant I am so excited about – Skullcap.  It has pairs for slender, hooked Labiate flowers, running down adjacent corners of quite long flower stems. The flowers are a lovely deep mauve on the upper lip and contrasting white on the lower lip. This two tone flower is not obvious until you get right up close to it. The plant is clearly a member of the Labiates, not only due to the flowers but also because it has square stems and leaves coming off the stem in opposite pairs.  The leaves taste strongly bitter, they taste amazing actually, of strong Scullcap tincture, the type I use at home quite regularly for pain relief and relaxation. I especially love this herb and have been using it for some years with great success, since beginning study with Susun Weed.  It gives subtle releif to pain, especially pain in the head and it brings on sleep when it is needed.  I am so happy to have stumbled upon this beautiful herb in Park Frankendael as I not seen it (or at least noticed it) growing wild before, I only knew it from books and bottles.  All members of the Scullcap family contain the active ingredient and this is quite volatile thus the plant should be tinctured in situ.

There are many Scullcaps and all have the same active constituents. Most likely, this one is Sculletaria altissima, Tall Skullcap, Glidkruid in Dutch. It is labelled as Tros Glidkruid (Sculletaria columnae) in the herb garden of the park but I am not convinced.  The flowers are very similar but the underlip of this Frankendael plant is definitely white, throughout, it doesn’t blend from white to mauve at all, there is clear definition.


Above is flowering Scrophularia nodosa, Common Figwort, NL: Helmkruid.  A very strangely scented Labiate, which Claud Biemans helped me identify a few weeks ago.  I still need to do some proper research into its internal and external uses but it certainly has many historic applications, such as being used to relieve skin eruptions and swelling for painful joints.  It is prolific in some parts of this park.

Next today, Wild Roses.  It has rained today and the scent of Rose, close to these bushes is extraordinary.  If you haven’t been outside to smell Roses after light rain then try it!  I’ve mentioned Rose many times before.  They are tasty and have many uses.  These are both most likely to be Rosa canina, Dog Rose and how beautiful they are!  But one of them could possibly be Rosa rubiginosa, Sweet Briar, it certainly smells good enough to be that.  I will have a better look at the defining parts another day. For today I simply enjoyed them.

Here is Pellitory Parietaria sp., Glaskruid in Dutch.  Another useful herb to learn more about as it is again prolific in arts of Frankendael.

Lastly today gorgeous Valerian flowers, on the edge of the main woodland pond.
They smell great, they look great and they are very useful if you need to relax.

365 Frankendael day 34

Thank you so much Claud Biemans for joining me on my daily walk this morning and for helping to identify some of the lovely plants which have been perplexing me for ages. Claud also shared some lovely food ideas for wild plants and was as pleased as me to see the Hoary plantain.

Here’s Claud standing next to a stately Wild Angelica (Angelica archangelica).

I’ve been watching this following herb for weeks now. It looked to me like it must be a Labiate due to the square stem cross section but which one! It smells absolutely amazing. When you brush the leaves or stem lightly, they release the aroma of just burned spices in a lightly oiled pan, ready to pop into a good Indian curry. There are so many Labiates but none I read about fitted this plant exactly. Claud knew it instantly as she has one which planted itself, into a terrace pot at home.

It is called Helmkruid in Dutch, Scrophularia nodosa in Latin and Common Figwort in English. I am still none the wiser as to what to do with it, if anything but now I’ll be finding out from a more informed position.

Also today, Pijpbloem, (Aristoloctia clematis), Birthwort in English. A very exotic looking plant which I’ll be researching. A photo another day, today I have found it is poisonous, used historically medicinally and can cause kidney failure when eaten.

Glaswort in Dutch, Parietarias officinalis in Latin and Pellitory of the wall, in English. It is plentiful in this part of the park and I hadn’t realised that this was the plant i see every day. It is a renowned medicinal herb. More later on this one, the Wiki link will give some useful information. Please see day 63 for corrected ID and details.

Veldhondstong in Dutch,
Cynoglossum officinale
in Latin and Houndstongue in English.
This is a beautiful plant, again a new one to me which seems from it’s Latin name to be a plant of historic uses.

We also looked at a member of the bedstraw family, Hedge bedstraw, Wild Sage and Teasel. I’ll take photos of those another day.